it is an island (Hornos I.) and its original name was HOORN CAAP. It was
thus christened (January 1616) in memory of the port from where Schuten
and Le Maire's Dutch expedition set sail. They had put to sea looking
for a passage that made it possible to reach the East Indies without veering
the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa) and avoiding sailing in the Maguellan
Strait that was reserved to the Dutch Company of the East Indies which
had the trade monopolywith the East.
In the town of Hoorn Le Maire
and Schouten founded the shipping company Maguellan or Austral Company
best known as "Gold Searcher" Company and with two vessels
they set sail in search of another passage. The Hoorn hooker set
on fire in port Deseado while it was being careened and with the
Eendracht (Concord) arrived in Indonesia. They were caught there
because at first authorities did not accept the fact that they had
discovered another navigable via. In fact, they engaged in this
enterprise because they had the idea that they could be successful.
Both Spain and the Low Countries knew that Drake had navigated in
the South Seas south off Tierra del Fuego and from East to West.
Besides, Spanish pilots claimed that there was another passage.
But it was not before this voyage that it was thought for the first
time that Tierra del Fuego was an island and not part of an Austral
continent.From then on the Cape became the greatest of the challenges
for all sail navigators and one of the most feared places for all
those who have to sail through its meridian.